Five Mistakes That Could Cause Your Well Water To Become Contaminated

Having a well built on your property entails a considerable investment. You need to protect this investment by ensuring that your well water doesn't become contaminated.

Unfortunately, your well water can become contaminated if you don't stay vigilant about keeping it clean. Contamination of your well water could necessitate further expenses or even permanently render water from your well unsafe for human consumption.

You can prevent contamination problems in your well water by avoiding the following five mistakes:

Locating a well in an improper place

The location of a well needs to be well chosen to avoid any potential sources of contamination. Wells should never be located too close to the home itself or within close proximity of agricultural fields where chemical fertilizers are in use. 

It's also important to avoid locating a well near bodies of water such as streams or canals to avoid bacterial contamination. 

Neglecting to have screens and filters installed

A well's design should include screens and filters that will keep a variety of contaminants—especially sediments—from entering well water. Screen and filter packs generally are designed to sit at the very bottom of the well where the main pipe and pump assembly is located.

Filter packs can be placed not only at the bottom of the well, but also at numerous points in the well's supply chain. Installing adequate filter packs will keep sedimentary contamination out of the water and improve the overall quality of well water. Filter packs and screens can even help combat hard water problems.  

Have design flaws in your well that allow seepage

Well design needs to eliminate the possibility that contaminants can get into well water via the protective cap on the well or at the access hole up at ground level.

One of the most important well components when it comes to avoiding contamination from seepage is the protective cap. This component needs to effectively seal the well and keep out any foreign materials that could cause chemical or biological contamination. 

Not having your well water regularly tested

Well water should be tested so that the levels of certain chemicals and biological substances can be kept at a safe level.

If tests are conducted regularly, you will be aware of any gradual changes in your well water and you can therefore address them before they begin to cause significant health threats. 

Not paying attention to what's going on around your property

Any new construction going up around the area where your property is located could affect your well water. You need to be aware if neighbors are intending to construct garages or plant crops near your well.

This will keep you on top of any new potential contamination threats and give you advanced warning if you need to take any legal precautions to protect your water.